Start semester

80 513 Form Studio: Modular Vernacular

Emnenavn på English: 
Form Studio: Modular Vernacular
Studiepoeng: 
24
Emnekode: 
80 513
Studienivå: 
Syklus 2
Undervisningssemester: 
2018 Høst
Eksamenssemester: 
2018 Høst
Undervisningsspråk: 
Engelsk
År: 
2018
Maksimum antall studenter: 
15
Emneansvarlig
Amandine Kastler
Erlend Skjeseth
Forkunnskapskrav
  • Good understanding of written and spoken English
  • Intermediate to good level of digital modelling and draughtsmanship
  • Experience with and interest in building large scale material models is desirable
Om emnet

Form Studio: Modular Vernacular will produce new architectural forms for a historically sensitive setting. Design work will focus on the relationship between construction and context. The aim will be to propose new spatial models for the present-day inhabitation of a heritage site.

The studio will build on the long-term AA Visiting School project the Island Reader which has for the last four years developed alternative ways of investigating a place through collective analysis.  We will continue to work with measuring and observation as our first act but construction and materiality will be the focus in our design studio.  

The Coast

The studio will operate on the islands of Lyngør, off the south coast of Norway. Historically, the coastline of Norway has experienced a continuous influx of ideas from around the world as a result of its location within coastal trade networks. Architecturally, this has resulted in a diverse and fluid notion of style. This is in visible contrast to the settlements of the interior valleys, where local culture was preserved in more isolated communities. This dichotomy between the coast and the interior is fundamental to Norwegian cultural history and identity. The studio will travel between these different communities to study their variations in style and typology, abstracting our readings into new architectural forms.

Our aim is to instil a critical appreciation for the enduring benefits and limitations of vernacular construction beyond the pastiche. We will draw on the spatial and constructional characteristics of the vernacular, to determine the formal qualities that have evolved over time from the necessities of island life. By teasing these implicit characteristics, we will address a key question:

How ought architects design new forms within finite historic environments?

The Island

The studio will focus on Lyngør, where buildings have been frequently restyled to mimic continental trends. Throughout the history of the island, houses have been taken apart, reassembled, cannibalized and reformed into new iterations. Sailors brought home the world and remade their houses in its image. ´Southern Classical´ houses were hand-crafted objects, built from standardized and transportable modular elements. We will understand modular structural systems and standardization as fundamental to contemporary architecture. Notched logs, timber panels, and stone foundations were rational parameters that determined the plan. Buildings were designed alike in their construction logic, but with individual expression and variation apparent in their detail.

Lyngør is nestled across four islands, located near historic shipping lanes, where the North Sea meets the Baltic. The island community blossomed into a rich merchant village in the late eighteenth-century, with a burgeoning class of ship owners, sailors and boatbuilders. The main strait through the village was once the main highway around the coast of Norway, and much like the follies of Potemkin or the strip in Las Vegas, the houses turn their good side towards the water. Expensive paints and ornate windows winking flirtatiously at the boats passing by.

Failing to modernize with the arrival of the steam ships at the turn of the century, Lyngør remained preserved nineteenth-century village - at least on the surface. After a period of stagnation, the concept of modern leisure hit the island in the 1950’s. Often it was the decedents of the shipwrights that returned, with their cabin cruisers, sunbeds, and a thirst for the authentic. Buildings are markers of wealth, monuments to family history and symbols of cultural and financial capital. In Lyngør everyone owns the truth about what is authentic, and they are not afraid to tell you.

Many people will claim that it is logical for new buildings to mimic the prevalent classical style. Some call for UNESCO world heritage status, while others are concerned with the implications this could have for the local businesses. Like many other villages along the Norwegian coast, an upsurge in seasonal tourism has been accompanied by a decline in permanent residency. The closure of much of the basic infrastructure necessary to maintain a permanent community has seen tourism replace industry.

The local municipality will implement a temporary construction ban while a regulatory framework for the new development is established. The studio will regularly engage with the various stakeholders involved in this process throughout the semester.

The Building

To Read – to gather knowledge through surveying, recording and interpreting.

The Studio will actively collaborate with Utmark Architects from Bergen, a multidisciplinary practice of architects, digital surveyors, and construction managers (www.gamle3hus.no) The practice works between preservation and new built form. Workshops on land surveying, digital surveying and post processing of digital information will be held in Lyngør.

The studio does not consider research to be a separate exercise from propositional thinking, rather, it asserts that the act of surveying is propositional by nature and therefore inherent to design thinking. Readings will focus on architectonic thresholds, such as the relationships between foundations and topography, the domestic interior and the weathered exterior, traditional craft and contemporary construction. As part of the municipal framework, these readings will create a catalogue of built form in Lyngør.

To Buildto construct by assembling and joining parts or materials.

The current statutory regulations on the island limit the built footprint of a residential building to less than 200 square meters, while also regulating colour, material, and roof shape. The studio will question these parameters and test their limitations. Students will use their precedent studies to inform their proposals for new construction methods and future modes of inhabitation on the islands.

Projects will be developed through large-scale material models and architectural drawings. Learning from what has already been built on the islands, traditional craft will inform contemporary construction methods. Prefabrication, contemporary timber technology and digital fabrication will inform the design of modular details. For the last three years Kastler Skjeseth Architects have been building on the island. Students will frequently be exposed to a network of builders, artisans and construction sites in various stages.

Læringsutbytte
  • Proposing new architectural form in a conservation area
  • Analysing existing building typologies on the coast of Norway
  • Utilizing precise surveying technology in both analogue and digital form
  • Engaging actively with real stake holders including community groups, local municipality, and heritage authorities
  • Learning how to navigate and write requirements and regulatory framework
  • Developing present-day forms of dwelling
  • Experiencing historic craft methods and Scandinavian vernacular tradition
  • Reading basic theory on typology and preservation
Praktisk organisering og arbeidsmåter

As a studio we give great focus to understanding context. Students will be expected to stay on the Island for parts of the semester, including but not limited to, one week at the beginning of the semester and two weeks during the studio excursion week.

During the first week of the semester a joint workshop will be held in Lyngør with the students from the AA Visiting School Lyngør (lyngor@aaschool.ac.uk).

Accommodation on the Island will be subsidized. Students will live in a manor house dating back to the 19th century. The house was refurbished and modernized by Kastler Skjeseth Architects in 2017 (www.kastlerskjeseth.no). The accommodation on the island is generously subsidized by the house owners. Students can expect some costs of travelling back and forth to Lyngør but we will endeavor to keep this cost to a minimum.

The course structure and trips to Lyngør will be set in accordance with the design stages applied in practice. Activities will be supported by lectures and visits with local historians and experts.

When in Oslo, students are expected to work in the studio. Teaching will consist of twice weekly desk tutorials, seminars, pin-ups and reviews with invited critiques. Students are expected to be active participants, to attend all trips, studio meetings, pin-ups and reviews, while keeping up with a rigorous level of production.

The studio will be evaluated by submitting assignments and participation, judged as “passed” or “not passed” (according to AHO regulations for master studies).

Studio Trip

The studio will travel along the Norwegian coastline from Oslo in the east to Stavanger in the east, and track back through the mountains of the interior. We will stop to visit projects that deal with the translation of vernacular form into modern architecture as well as other historic villages along the coast.

Pensum

The curriculum will be given out closer to the start date.

VurderingsformGrupperingKarakterskalaKommentar
VurderingsmappeIndividuellBestått / ikke beståttPass / Fail and will be based on the following criteria in relation to the given assignments:

The final grade in the course will be given based on:
- Attendance and design production for twice-weekly studio meetings: 30%
- Mid review and Interim review presentation: 30%
- Final review presentation: 40%
The oral presentation is a part of the portfolio assessment.

Mid review, Interim review and Final review: Work presented for the mid review, the Interim review and the final review will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

- Conceptual Clarity: Students should demonstrate proactive engagement with the material and self-motivated intellectual pursuits that enhance their own design ambitions. Students are expected to clearly articulate their ambitions and the intellectual underpinnings of their work in pin-ups and desk crits.

- Technique: Students are expected to execute all assignments with care and precision.

Assignments will be evaluated not only on the basis of the ideas, but also to a large degree on the quality of the execution. Students are responsible for planning sufficient time for developing appropriate and thorough representation.

Portfolio: The care taken in the compilation and design of the portfolio the presentation of physical models will be considered in the final assessment. The portfolio is to be formatted and printed at A2 or larger. Each student will also be required to design a portfolio booklet at A3 to accompany the printed portfolio.
Vurderinger:
Vurderingsform:Vurderingsmappe
Gruppering:Individuell
Karakterskala:Bestått / ikke bestått
Kommentar:Pass / Fail and will be based on the following criteria in relation to the given assignments:

The final grade in the course will be given based on:
- Attendance and design production for twice-weekly studio meetings: 30%
- Mid review and Interim review presentation: 30%
- Final review presentation: 40%
The oral presentation is a part of the portfolio assessment.

Mid review, Interim review and Final review: Work presented for the mid review, the Interim review and the final review will be evaluated according to the following criteria:

- Conceptual Clarity: Students should demonstrate proactive engagement with the material and self-motivated intellectual pursuits that enhance their own design ambitions. Students are expected to clearly articulate their ambitions and the intellectual underpinnings of their work in pin-ups and desk crits.

- Technique: Students are expected to execute all assignments with care and precision.

Assignments will be evaluated not only on the basis of the ideas, but also to a large degree on the quality of the execution. Students are responsible for planning sufficient time for developing appropriate and thorough representation.

Portfolio: The care taken in the compilation and design of the portfolio the presentation of physical models will be considered in the final assessment. The portfolio is to be formatted and printed at A2 or larger. Each student will also be required to design a portfolio booklet at A3 to accompany the printed portfolio.
AktivitetKommentar
GruppearbeidStudents are expected to regularly work in the studio and to be active participants in the collaborative studio environment. Sharing knowledge, techniques, and ideas with your fellow students is incredibly important to your own creative development and to your success in this studio. Students are expected to keep the studio space orderly and to keep clear a large table and wall space for group meetings and pin-ups.

Students are expected to be independent and to take initiative to find the resources and supplies that they need to complete their work. Since this course involves site visits outside of the school, students are expected to be mature and respectful when dealing local communities.
Individuell oppgaveløsningDeadlines and required deliverables are indicated on the syllabus and on individual project assignments and are not negotiable. Students must complete assignments by the given deadline.

Students are responsible for managing their own print schedules backing up files. Loss of data is not an excuse for an incomplete project.

Deadlines can only be extended in cases of illness or special circumstances, and requests for extensions must be submitted to the tutor before the deadline in writing, accompanied by a medical certificate when necessary.
OppmøteStudents are expected to be present and working during all studio meetings, which occur twice a week. Students are also expected to be present during all seminars and reviews. Absences for social engagements, holidays, etc. will not be accepted. Absences from studio meetings and reviews will affect the final grade and multiple unexcused absences will result in course failure.
Forventet arbeidsinnsats:
Aktivitet:Gruppearbeid
Kommentar:Students are expected to regularly work in the studio and to be active participants in the collaborative studio environment. Sharing knowledge, techniques, and ideas with your fellow students is incredibly important to your own creative development and to your success in this studio. Students are expected to keep the studio space orderly and to keep clear a large table and wall space for group meetings and pin-ups.

Students are expected to be independent and to take initiative to find the resources and supplies that they need to complete their work. Since this course involves site visits outside of the school, students are expected to be mature and respectful when dealing local communities.
Aktivitet:Individuell oppgaveløsning
Kommentar:Deadlines and required deliverables are indicated on the syllabus and on individual project assignments and are not negotiable. Students must complete assignments by the given deadline.

Students are responsible for managing their own print schedules backing up files. Loss of data is not an excuse for an incomplete project.

Deadlines can only be extended in cases of illness or special circumstances, and requests for extensions must be submitted to the tutor before the deadline in writing, accompanied by a medical certificate when necessary.
Aktivitet:Oppmøte
Kommentar:Students are expected to be present and working during all studio meetings, which occur twice a week. Students are also expected to be present during all seminars and reviews. Absences for social engagements, holidays, etc. will not be accepted. Absences from studio meetings and reviews will affect the final grade and multiple unexcused absences will result in course failure.