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40 650 Waterfront

Full course name in English: 
40 650
Syklus 2
2022 Vår
2022 Vår
Maksimum antall studenter: 
Thomas McQuillan

Admission to AHO and successful completion of three years bachelor level studies (180 ECTS).

Om emnet

Play is an essential feature of humanity, and sport formalizes this play in a social space. This course is an examination of the spatial and architectural features of sport and leisure.

Sport is a central aspect of our society, as it has been for millennia. Both the ancient Egyptians and Greeks afforded a prominent place to sport, and throughout history, it has provided a space for both participation and spectatorship. From the most casual of games to the cutthroat world of professional sports, it provides its participants with excitement, confrontation, competition and personal challenge. For the spring 2022 semester, the topic is swimming. 

Swimming is perhaps as old as walking, but it did not become a sport in itself until the 19th century. The first buildings for swimming were built in England in the 1830’s. While most early European swimmers used a breaststroke, native Americans introduced the overhand crawl, known to many indigenous populations. The development of this technique allowed for much longer swims, and by the late 18th Century, adventurers were swimming the Hellespont (4k) and even the English Channel (32k). An interest in the health-bringing effects of a cold dip spurred the creation of ocean baths, from the many that studded the edge of the Oslofjord, to the kallbad of the western Swedish coast. Modernism saw the emergence of the avant-garde facility at sites such as Ingierstrand and Hvalstrand. 

This course is an exploration of the spatial and architectural features of swimming as a basis for designing an ocean bathing facility today. Initial research will focus on spatio-historical case studies through models and drawing. The project task will be the design of a swimming facility in the Oslofjord. 


Primary Learning Outcome

  • Ability to employ architectural research as a basis for original designs

Subsidary Learning Outcomes

  • How city, sport and architecture interact
  • How to communicate findings and designs
  • Experience with the architecture of swimming
  • Tectonic studies of building in a litttoral zone
Praktisk organisering og arbeidsmåter

The course consists of two activities: a series of lectures by architects, athletes and historians, and weekly reviews of progress. Our studies will lead us from the urban scale  (e.g. 1:5.000) to the development of architectural space at 1:200 / 1:100.

This course is intended as an in-person arrangement, but activities can when needed be moved to the internet. Attendance at all activities is essential. 


An extensive list of literature on the topic is under preparation and will be available at course start. The following are general references on swimming. 

Bengtsson, Lars-Gunnar, and Per Jönsson. Ribersborgs Kallbadhus. Lund: Historiska media, 2016.
Gjerstad, Jo. Bergenske Badeanlegg. Bergen : Gamle Bergen museum, n.d.
Kjeldstadli, Knut. Badebyen Oslo - En Kulturhistorisk Svømmetur. Oslo, 1989.
Lind, Helena, Leandersson, Bert. Kallbadhus. Stockholm: Byggförlaget, 2004.
Orme, Nicholas, and Everard Digby. Early British Swimming 55BC-AD1719: With the First Swimming Treatise in English, 1595. Exeter: University of Exeter, 1983.
Perkins, PH. Swimming Pools. London: Taylor and Francis, 2000.
Stavseth, Reidar. Sjøbad og tradisjoner kysten rundt. Trondheim: Rune, 1981.
Thévenot, Melchisédech. The Art of Swimming. Illustrated by Forty Proper Copper-Plate Cuts, Which Represent the Different Postures Necessary to Be Used in That Art. With Advice for Bathing. Cengage Gale, 2009.

Obligatorisk arbeidskravPåkrevde arbeidskravOppmøte påkrevdKommentar
Oppmøte til undervisning Påkrevd 80% attendance is requred
Obligatoriske arbeidskrav:
Obligatorisk arbeidskrav:Oppmøte til undervisning
Påkrevde arbeidskrav:
Oppmøte påkrevd:Påkrevd
Kommentar: 80% attendance is requred
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